< University of Manchester, Lexis of Cloth & Clothing Project, Search Result For: 'miniver'

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Searchable Lemmata: menever (AF), menevera (L), meneverus (L), meni-ver (ME), mynfyr (W), menever (OScots), miniver (MdE).
Alternate Forms: menivero, meneveri, menevere, menuveyr, menyvere, menvoir, menver, menivoer, menivieir, meniwere, menivair, meniveir, mennever, menuver, menver, menvair, menuueyr, menyuer.

    Definitions and Defining Citations:

1a(n.) Raw Material; fur; typically the white winter belly fur of the red squirrel or the mixed gray-and-white fur of the whole animal (possessed by certain Continental varieties); often used for lining, trimming or decorating a garment. In England, came to be used more generally to describe any white or near-white fur: the adjective 'pured' (L 'puratus') was often used to designate that the grey was trimmed, leaving only the white fur showing. See Veal, E (1966), 228-9.(ante 1200 still in current use)
1. item in iij fururis de meniver pro capuciis mulierum Accounts. [DMLBS Doc. W. Abb. Westm. (201) 1307]
2. [210] ... in iiij ulnis medleti emptis ... [211] ... item in j pana de menyver Accounts. [DMLBS Doc. W. Abb. Westm. (210-11) 1307]
3. A n[ot]re seign’ le roi si le plet 7 a son conseil prie Robert de Mountfort ... ceo qe en li est dever n[ot]re seign’ le roi le estote tenu par bone obligacion ... en demy drap de colur couenable pur clerk’ destat oueqes la pelure pur surcot clos 7 pur surcot ouert oueqes un chap[er]on de menuueyr a resceuire chescun an a Castelcombe en Wiltes’ a la feste de touz seinz ..., relesser a ly 7 par taunt li g[ra]unta 7 dona la dite liv[er]ee a t[er]me de sa vie et obligea a ceo, le dit maner de Castelcombe ... Legal. (transcribed by Mark Chambers; cf. AND2 PRO SC 8/4/193) [LexP NA [PRO] SC 8/4/193 (*) 1321/1322]
4. Florice het nime ... a mantel of scarlet Ipaned al wi3 meniuer Romance. (work: c1250) [MED Floris ((Auch) 131) circa 1330]
5. quod ... forura de menivero de octo tivis haberet cxx ventres, forura de menivero de septem tivis c ventres, ... capucia de menivero purato xl ventres, capucia de menivero semipurato xxxij ventres Accounts. [DMLBS Pat (337 m. 2b) 1393]
6. [4/13] ... A bed of tapicers werk ... ypouthered with chapes and scochons ... of myn Auncestres armes ... [4/15] ... I bequethe ... my beste fetherbed, and a blu caneuas, and a materas, and twey blankettys ... [4/18] ... I bequethe to the same Thomas ... A bleu couertour of menyuer, and a keuerlet of red sendel Legal, Wills. [MED EEWills (4/13-18) 1395]
7. [17] ... item a J.H. ... lavender xx s. ... hopelandez meilleurs furrez ové menever pure ... un hopeland linez ové bokeram noir ... [18] ... (I bequeath) a A. ... une cloke furré et un grand forser de pecs Wills. (citations from individual page of text may not appear in original order) [AND Reg Chich (ii 17-18) 1414/1443]
8. [220] ... She was clad ful porely Al in an old torn courtepy [F. cote] ... bothe bihynde and eke biforn Clouted was she beggarly ... [227] ... A burnet cote heng therwithall, Furred with no menyver, But with a furre rough of her Of lambe-skynnes hevy blake ... [234] ... It were hir loth To weren ofte that ilke cloth Poetic, Romance. (work: ?a1400) [MED RRose ((Htrn 409) 220-234) ante 1425]
9. [11194] ... Þenne come chaumberleyns ... Wiþ riche robes of mani maners... Manteles, forours of riche pris, Of meneuer, stranlyng, veyr, & gris ... [11197] ... Oþer pelure ... Lomb or boge, conyng or hare. Historic, Poetic. (work: a1348) [MED Mannyng Chron.Pt.1 ((Lamb 131) 11194-11197) ante 1450]
10. A longe goune of cremysen velvet ... furred wyth menever and purfelled wyth ermyn ... Item, a shorte gowne of blakke pewke ffurred wyth martres Accounts. [MED Acc.Howard in RC 57 (320) 1465]
AF, L, ME, MdE, OScots, W.
Sex: N/A    Ceremonial: No
Body Parts: N/A.
References: Veale, E. (1966)
1b(n.) Headgear; specifically, a helmet lining made of miniver [in the ME romance Sir Perceval of Gales].(circa 1400 - circa 1450 ?)
1. Scho schewede hym þe menevaire Arthurian, Heroic, Romance. (work: ?a1400) [MED Perceval ((Thrn) 409) circa 1440]
2. And of þe menevaire he had syght Arthurian, Heroic, Romance. (work: ?a1400) [MED Perceval ((Thrn) 882) circa 1440]
ME; Primarily Romance.
Sex: Male    Use: Military    Status: High    Rank: High    Ceremonial: No
Body Parts: Head.
2(n.) Raw Material; used to refer to the animal from which the fur was derived (squirrel) [only one attestation noted].(circa 1464)
1. ... xj ventribus meneveri emptis viiij d. Accounts. [DMLBS Househ. Ac. (577) 1464]
L; Primarily Accounts.
Sex: N/A    Use: n/a    Status: n/a    Rank: n/a    Ceremonial: No
Body Parts: N/A.
3(adj.) Raw Material; made of miniver (as an adj.). Cf. L minuettum.(circa 1400)
1. For a menyuer mantel he made leel matrimonye Departe er de{th} come Poetic, Vision. [OED LANGLAND Piers Plowman ((Huntington HM 137 [C Text]) XXIII.138) ante 1400]
c.f.: minuettum
ME; Primarily Poetic.
Sex: N/A    Use: n/a    Status: High    Rank: High    Ceremonial: No
Body Parts: N/A.

    Etymological Evidence:

Definite, AF and/or Old French; the Insular French usage seems to be the primary influence [compare central French 'menu vair', squirrel fur ('fourrure tirée du petit-gris' in Godefroy), c1380]. Contrast 'gros vair', MdE grover (q.v.), and forms such as 'gros miniver'. In Britain, variants of the term/phrase appear in Latin accounts from at least the end of the twelfth century. Latham notes the following British L compound forms (and cf. entry for minuettum): varium minutum (1198, c1432); verium minutum (1280); verrerum minutum (c1308); werellum (1204) [s.v. 'vari/etas', p. 505].
Etym Cog: